Module: GitHub::API

Extended by:
SystemCommand::Mixin
Defined in:
utils/github/api.rb

Overview

This module is part of an internal API. This module may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this module if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

Helper functions for accessing the GitHub API.

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: AuthenticationFailedError, Error, HTTPNotFoundError, MissingAuthenticationError, RateLimitExceededError, ValidationFailedError

Constant Summary collapse

GITHUB_IP_ALLOWLIST_ERROR =

This constant is part of an internal API. This constant may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this constant if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

Regexp.new("Although you appear to have the correct authorization credentials, " \
"the `(.+)` organization has an IP allow list enabled, " \
"and your IP address is not permitted to access this resource").freeze
NO_CREDENTIALS_MESSAGE =

This constant is part of an internal API. This constant may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this constant if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

<<~MESSAGE.freeze
  No GitHub credentials found in macOS Keychain, GitHub CLI or the environment.
  #{GitHub.pat_blurb}
MESSAGE
ERRORS =

This constant is part of an internal API. This constant may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this constant if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

[
  AuthenticationFailedError,
  HTTPNotFoundError,
  RateLimitExceededError,
  Error,
  JSON::ParserError,
].freeze
CREDENTIAL_NAMES =

This constant is part of an internal API. This constant may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this constant if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

{
  env_token:                  "HOMEBREW_GITHUB_API_TOKEN",
  github_cli_token:           "GitHub CLI login",
  keychain_username_password: "macOS Keychain GitHub",
}.freeze

Class Method Summary collapse

Methods included from SystemCommand::Mixin

system_command, system_command!

Class Method Details

.credentialsObject

This method is part of an internal API. This method may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 183

def self.credentials
  @credentials ||= Homebrew::EnvConfig.github_api_token || github_cli_token || keychain_username_password
end

.credentials_error_message(response_headers, needed_scopes) ⇒ Object

This method is part of a private API. This method may only be used in the Homebrew/brew repository. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

Given an API response from GitHub, warn the user if their credentials have insufficient permissions.



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 208

def self.credentials_error_message(response_headers, needed_scopes)
  return if response_headers.empty?

  scopes = response_headers["x-accepted-oauth-scopes"].to_s.split(", ")
  needed_scopes = Set.new(scopes || needed_scopes)
  credentials_scopes = response_headers["x-oauth-scopes"]
  return if needed_scopes.subset?(Set.new(credentials_scopes.to_s.split(", ")))

  github_permission_link = GitHub.pat_blurb(needed_scopes.to_a)
  needed_scopes = needed_scopes.to_a.join(", ").presence || "none"
  credentials_scopes = "none" if credentials_scopes.blank?

  what = CREDENTIAL_NAMES.fetch(credentials_type)
  @credentials_error_message ||= onoe <<~EOS
    Your #{what} credentials do not have sufficient scope!
    Scopes required: #{needed_scopes}
    Scopes present:  #{credentials_scopes}
    #{github_permission_link}
  EOS
end

.credentials_typeSymbol

This method is part of a private API. This method may only be used in the Homebrew/brew repository. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

Returns:



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 188

def self.credentials_type
  if Homebrew::EnvConfig.github_api_token.present?
    :env_token
  elsif github_cli_token.present?
    :github_cli_token
  elsif keychain_username_password.present?
    :keychain_username_password
  else
    :none
  end
end

.github_cli_tokenString?

This method is part of a private API. This method may only be used in the Homebrew/brew repository. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

Gets the token from the GitHub CLI for github.com.

Returns:



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 141

def self.github_cli_token
  Utils::UID.drop_euid do
    # Avoid `Formula["gh"].opt_bin` so this method works even with `HOMEBREW_DISABLE_LOAD_FORMULA`.
    env = {
      "PATH" => PATH.new(HOMEBREW_PREFIX/"opt/gh/bin", ENV.fetch("PATH")),
      "HOME" => Etc.getpwuid(Process.uid)&.dir,
    }
    gh_out, _, result = system_command "gh",
                                       args:         ["auth", "token", "--hostname", "github.com"],
                                       env:,
                                       print_stderr: false
    return unless result.success?

    gh_out.chomp
  end
end

.keychain_username_passwordString?

This method is part of a private API. This method may only be used in the Homebrew/brew repository. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

Gets the password field from git-credential-osxkeychain for github.com, but only if that password looks like a GitHub Personal Access Token.

Returns:



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 161

def self.keychain_username_password
  Utils::UID.drop_euid do
    git_credential_out, _, result = system_command "git",
                                                   args:         ["credential-osxkeychain", "get"],
                                                   input:        ["protocol=https\n", "host=github.com\n"],
                                                   env:          { "HOME" => Etc.getpwuid(Process.uid)&.dir },
                                                   print_stderr: false
    return unless result.success?

    github_username = git_credential_out[/username=(.+)/, 1]
    github_password = git_credential_out[/password=(.+)/, 1]
    return unless github_username

    # Don't use passwords from the keychain unless they look like
    # GitHub Personal Access Tokens:
    #   https://github.com/Homebrew/brew/issues/6862#issuecomment-572610344
    return unless GITHUB_PERSONAL_ACCESS_TOKEN_REGEX.match?(github_password)

    github_password
  end
end

.open_graphql(query, variables: nil, scopes: [].freeze, raise_errors: true) ⇒ Object

This method is part of an internal API. This method may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 319

def self.open_graphql(query, variables: nil, scopes: [].freeze, raise_errors: true)
  data = { query:, variables: }
  result = open_rest("#{API_URL}/graphql", scopes:, data:, request_method: "POST")

  if raise_errors
    if result["errors"].present?
      raise Error, result["errors"].map { |e| "#{e["type"]}: #{e["message"]}" }.join("\n")
    end

    result["data"]
  else
    result
  end
end

.open_rest(url, data: nil, data_binary_path: nil, request_method: nil, scopes: [].freeze, parse_json: true) ⇒ Object

This method is part of an internal API. This method may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 229

def self.open_rest(
  url, data: nil, data_binary_path: nil, request_method: nil, scopes: [].freeze, parse_json: true
)
  # This is a no-op if the user is opting out of using the GitHub API.
  return block_given? ? yield({}) : {} if Homebrew::EnvConfig.no_github_api?

  # This is a Curl format token, not a Ruby one.
  # rubocop:disable Style/FormatStringToken
  args = ["--header", "Accept: application/vnd.github+json", "--write-out", "\n%{http_code}"]
  # rubocop:enable Style/FormatStringToken

  token = credentials
  args += ["--header", "Authorization: token #{token}"] if credentials_type != :none
  args += ["--header", "X-GitHub-Api-Version:2022-11-28"]

  data_tmpfile = nil
  if data
    begin
      data = JSON.pretty_generate data
      data_tmpfile = Tempfile.new("github_api_post", HOMEBREW_TEMP)
    rescue JSON::ParserError => e
      raise Error, "Failed to parse JSON request:\n#{e.message}\n#{data}", e.backtrace
    end
  end

  if data_binary_path.present?
    args += ["--data-binary", "@#{data_binary_path}"]
    args += ["--header", "Content-Type: application/gzip"]
  end

  headers_tmpfile = Tempfile.new("github_api_headers", HOMEBREW_TEMP)
  begin
    if data_tmpfile
      data_tmpfile.write data
      data_tmpfile.close
      args += ["--data", "@#{data_tmpfile.path}"]

      args += ["--request", request_method.to_s] if request_method
    end

    args += ["--dump-header", T.must(headers_tmpfile.path)]

    output, errors, status = Utils::Curl.curl_output("--location", url.to_s, *args, secrets: [token])
    output, _, http_code = output.rpartition("\n")
    output, _, http_code = output.rpartition("\n") if http_code == "000"
    headers = headers_tmpfile.read
  ensure
    if data_tmpfile
      data_tmpfile.close
      data_tmpfile.unlink
    end
    headers_tmpfile.close
    headers_tmpfile.unlink
  end

  begin
    raise_error(output, errors, http_code, headers, scopes) if !http_code.start_with?("2") || !status.success?

    return if http_code == "204" # No Content

    output = JSON.parse output if parse_json
    if block_given?
      yield output
    else
      output
    end
  rescue JSON::ParserError => e
    raise Error, "Failed to parse JSON response\n#{e.message}", e.backtrace
  end
end

.paginate_graphql(query, variables: nil, &_block) ⇒ void

This method is part of a private API. This method may only be used in the Homebrew/brew repository. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.

This method returns an undefined value.

Parameters:

  • query (String)
  • variables (Hash{Symbol => T.untyped}, nil) (defaults to: nil)
  • _block (T.proc.params(data: T::Hash[String, T.untyped]).returns(T::Hash[String, T.untyped]))


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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 341

def self.paginate_graphql(query, variables: nil, &_block)
  result = API.open_graphql(query, variables:)

  has_next_page = T.let(true, T::Boolean)
  variables ||= {}
  while has_next_page
    page_info = yield result
    has_next_page = page_info["hasNextPage"]
    if has_next_page
      variables[:after] = page_info["endCursor"]
      result = API.open_graphql(query, variables:)
    end
  end
end

.paginate_rest(url, additional_query_params: nil, per_page: 100, scopes: [].freeze) ⇒ Object

This method is part of an internal API. This method may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 300

def self.paginate_rest(url, additional_query_params: nil, per_page: 100, scopes: [].freeze)
  (1..API_MAX_PAGES).each do |page|
    retry_count = 1
    result = begin
      API.open_rest("#{url}?per_page=#{per_page}&page=#{page}&#{additional_query_params}", scopes:)
    rescue Error
      if retry_count < PAGINATE_RETRY_COUNT
        retry_count += 1
        retry
      end

      raise
    end
    break if result.blank?

    yield(result, page)
  end
end

.raise_error(output, errors, http_code, headers, scopes) ⇒ Object

This method is part of an internal API. This method may only be used internally in repositories owned by Homebrew, except in casks or formulae. Third parties should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or changed without warning.



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# File 'utils/github/api.rb', line 356

def self.raise_error(output, errors, http_code, headers, scopes)
  json = begin
    JSON.parse(output)
  rescue
    nil
  end
  message = json&.[]("message") || "curl failed! #{errors}"

  meta = {}
  headers.lines.each do |l|
    key, _, value = l.delete(":").partition(" ")
    key = key.downcase.strip
    next if key.empty?

    meta[key] = value.strip
  end

  credentials_error_message(meta, scopes)

  case http_code
  when "401"
    raise AuthenticationFailedError.new(credentials_type, message)
  when "403"
    if meta.fetch("x-ratelimit-remaining", 1).to_i <= 0
      reset = meta.fetch("x-ratelimit-reset").to_i
      raise RateLimitExceededError.new(reset, message)
    end

    raise AuthenticationFailedError.new(credentials_type, message)
  when "404"
    raise MissingAuthenticationError if credentials_type == :none && scopes.present?

    raise HTTPNotFoundError, message
  when "422"
    errors = json&.[]("errors") || []
    raise ValidationFailedError.new(message, errors)
  else
    raise Error, message
  end
end